Category Archives: South Africa

Afrikaanse resolutie tegen LGBT geweld


Afrikaanse resolutie tegen LGTB-geweld.

african union plenaryDe Afrikaanse Commissie voor Mensen- en Volkenrechten of ACHPR zette deze week een historische stap inzake een betere bescherming van holebi’s en transgender of LGBT’s. In Afrika zijn geweld en mensenrechtenschendingen t.a.v. personen op basis van hun echte of vermeende seksuele geaardheid en gender identiteit nog dagelijkse kost. De ACHPR veroordeelt dat nu via een nieuwe resolutie. Die werd aangenomen op de 55e gewone zitting in mei 2014 te Luanda in Angola en geldt voor de hele Afrikaanse Unie, d.w.z. alle Afrikaanse landen behalve Marokko.

Met de holebi- en trangenderrechten is het in Afrika over het algemeen erbarmelijk gesteld. Een klein aantal landen kende de laatste jaren een zekere vooruitgang. In Zuid-Afrika is bijvoorbeeld het huwelijk en adoptie opengesteld voor mensen van hetzelfde geslacht.

De meeste andere staten blijven echter een strenge strafwetgeving handhaven, laten geweld t.o.v. holebi’s – soms totaal – ongemoeid of moedigen het zelfs aan. In de hele wereld criminaliseren 78 staten seksuele contacten tussen instemmende volwassenen van hetzelfde geslacht ; volgens ILGA  liggen er daarvan 38 in Afrika. In landen als Nigeria, Mauritanië, Soedan en Somalië staat op same-sex omgang zelfs de doodstraf.

In sommige gevallen, zoals Oeganda en Nigeria, ging het de laatste tijd slechts van kwaad naar erger. Hier is sprake van een soort heksenjacht op holebi’s, met eveneens verstrekkende gevolgen voor hulpverlenende instanties in het kader van HIV/aids-bestrijding. Een ander kwalijk uitvloeisel van vervolging omwille van de seksuele geaardheid of gender identiteit is het toenemend aantal personen die op deze grond hun land moeten ontvluchten en elders asiel zoeken.

De nieuwe resolutie is bedoeld om de verslechterde situatie voor LGTB’s in Afrika te counteren. Belangrijk is dat ze uitgaat van de ACHPR, de hoogste gezaghebbende instantie op het gebied van Mensen-en Volkenrechten in het kader van de Afrikaanse Unie. Cynisch detail is wel dat Yahya Jammeh, de president van Gambia – het Afrikaanse landje waar het ACHPR gevestigd is – een van de meest rabiate en openlijke LGBTI-haters is. Het rapport dat de resolutie onderbouwt vermeldt Gambia dan ook meermaals op negatieve wijze.

Vind de originele tekst van de resolutie hier.

US State Department Countryreports 2013 OUT NOW

image_pdfimage_print used the report-builder on the website to quickly gather all the executive summaries and Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity sections for the 49 African countries reported on.
Download your starting point here, or build your own report and share it with us, including your comments and criticism. We value different opinions.

Read Secretary J.F. Kerry’s Preface:
As we mark the 65th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights this year, the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices highlight the continued pursuit of “free and equal dignity in human rights” in every corner of the world. Based on factual reporting from our embassies and posts abroad, these Congressionally mandated reports chronicle human rights conditions in almost 200 countries and territories. The reports draw attention to the growing challenges facing individuals and organizations as governments around the world fall short of their obligation to uphold universal human rights.

I have seen firsthand how these reports are used by a wide range of actors – by Congress in its decision-making processes surrounding foreign security sector assistance and economic aid; by the Department of State and other U.S. government agencies in shaping American foreign policy; and by U.S. citizens, international nongovernmental organizations, foreign governments, human rights defenders, lawyers, journalists, scholars, and others who are committed to advancing human dignity.

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Gay same sex relations are not un-african.


A threat to Zulu patriarchy and the continuation of community: A queer analysis of same sex relationships amongst Female Traditional Healers at Inanda and KwaNgcolosi, KwaZulu-Natal.

A new affirming study:Gay sangomas are not un-African, rather they hold an important place in cultural tradition.

A practising sangoma and graduate student at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Lindiwe Mkasi, has published a study which challenges the traditionally-held belief homosexuality is “un-African”.

The study argues the existence of gay relationships among Zulu healers means they hold a fundamental place in cultural tradition.

Mkasi followed 10 female traditional healers in same-sex relationships in Kwa-Ngcolosi and Inanda and her study found male and female sangomas practised same-sex relationships without discrimination.

Sangomas, or healers, are thought to serve as human links to ancestors and to the divine.

Many researchers call sangomas “custodians” of Zulu culture and heritage.

Yet many Zulu leaders have condemned homosexuality, decrying it as a cultural import from the West.

Titled “A threat to Zulu patriarchy and the continuation of community”, the study on lesbian sangomas shows homosexuality is not “un-african”.

Dr Sarojini Nadar, Mkasi’s research supervisor and a professor of gender studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, said Mkasi’s research was “a sort of spin-off” on a wider study on HIV prevention they had worked on together in 2008.

In that study, one woman revealed she had not slept with her husband in several months because she suspected he might be HIV-positive.

Nadar said they had asked how the woman could have this kind of sexual control in such a patriarchal context, and it emerged the woman was a sangoma.

She had then taken a lesbian partner because, according to her, it was safer.

Some study participants said they had been possessed by male spirits when having sex with other women.

“When ancestors do not want men. you actually feel it, yourself,” said one.

Another sangoma, Nkabinde, said she had been possessed by a male spirit named Nkunzi, saying: “Nkunzi loves women especially young women.

“If I am with a woman of 21 or 22, normally Nkunzi will want to have sex with her. I have more power when Nkunzi is in me, especially when we both desire the same woman.”

Becoming a sangoma has long served as an alternative for Zulu women who find traditional marriage “burdensome,” according to Gina Buijs, a social anthropologist at the University of the Witwatersrand.

“As a sangoma, there is a space for a lesbian woman to be herself without the pressure to form a relationship with a man,” said Buijs.

But Nadar said Mkasi’s findings also pointed to the extensive homophobia in traditional Zulu culture, where “ordinary men and women don’t have that kind of freedom”.

The title of sangoma may protect lesbian women in townships, where they face serious dangers if they come out as lesbian.

In particular, a woman who is perceived as homosexual may be subject to “corrective rape,” where she is raped in an effort to “turn” her straight again.

The emphasis on hyper-masculinity in traditional Zulu culture can also lead to gang formation in urban settings, according to Buijs.

Since 1994, the constitution has forbidden discrimination on the basis of gender and sexual orientation. Yet prejudice persists in the highest strata of society.

Two years ago, many prominent Zulu leaders campaigned to have this clause removed, and Jacob Zuma’s failure to condemn Uganda’s recent anti-gay legislation has drawn international scrutiny.

Yet there are signs South Africa’s leaders are catching up to its constitution.

Last April, the first traditional Zulu marriage involving a gay couple took place. Tshepo Modisanea and Thoba Sithole, both 27-year-old young professionals, faced a lot of negative backlash from social media outlets and some Zulu academics. But other citizens took heart at the news.

One, a blogger named Lenox Magee, called the story “beyond epic”.

“Undoubtedly, this wedding will go down. as one of the most significant events in South African LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersexual) history,” he wrote.

Pretoria News: Gay sangomas are not un-African

Abstract of the study
Through a case study of female traditional healers who practice same sex relationships, this study attempts to provide some reasons for the opposition to same sex relationships in Africa.

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